Andrea Urbinati

What is a Haramaki In Japan?

Di Andrea Urbinati

blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo
What is a Haramaki In Japan?

The haramaki, originating from Japan, is a piece of clothing designed to cover the stomach for both health and fashion purposes. Historically, it was given to soldiers during wartime as a symbol of protection and warmth. In modern times, the haramaki has become a popular fashion accessory, with various fabrics and patterns, thanks to its practical and aesthetic appeal. Shigesato Itoi and his company Hobonichi are credited for the resurgence of haramaki in Japanese fashion.

The Origins and History of the Haramaki

I discovered that the haramaki has deep historical roots, originating as a piece of armor worn by infantry soldiers during feudal Japan. It was referred to as haramaki, denoting any Japanese armor that was worn from the front and fastened at the back with cords.

Samurai with Katana in Black and White Photo by Azis Js

From Samurai to Soldier

During the First Sino-Japanese War and World War II, soldiers departing for the battlefield often received a senninbari haramaki, also known as the “1,000 stitch belt,” from their families. This special garment served as both a source of warmth and a protective talisman, imbued with the collective stitches contributed by women in the community to ward off harm.

Senninbari Haramaki for Japanese soldiers Photo by The Japans

The Haramaki in War

The haramaki evolved into its current circular tube form, but during the 70s and 80s, it was associated with elderly men and considered outdated. This perception was reinforced by popular culture, as seen in characters like the father in the manga series Tensai Bakabon, who sported a haramaki. Another example is Tora-san, a character in a series of movies known for wearing this traditional attire.

Modern Haramaki: A Blend of Tradition and Fashion

In the contemporary era, the haramaki has undergone a fascinating transformation, seamlessly blending tradition with fashion. This quintessential Japanese garment has transcended its traditional roots and emerged as a versatile fashion statement, synonymous with comfort and style. The evolution of haramaki is a testament to its enduring relevance and versatility.

The Transformation of Haramaki in Contemporary Style

The modern incarnation of haramaki has adopted contemporary trends, offering a stylish fusion of functionality and fashion. It has evolved from being purely utilitarian to a fashion accessory that complements various outfits. Embraced by fitness enthusiasts, fashion-forward individuals, and wellness advocates, haramaki is no longer confined to its traditional role but has become a coveted fashion item with its own unique flair.

The Role of Shigesato Itoi in Haramaki’s Popularity

Shigesato Itoi, a prominent figure in the realm of Japanese lifestyle and culture, has played a pivotal role in propelling haramaki into the spotlight. With his influential endorsement and advocacy, haramaki has gained widespread attention, captivating audiences beyond traditional boundaries. Itoi’s cultural influence has elevated the status of haramaki, positioning it as a symbol of timeless sophistication and contemporary appeal.

Haramaki Tradition
Photo by Sean P. Twomey

Haramaki Fashion
Photo by AA’s Photography

The Design and Making of Haramaki

When it comes to the design and making of haramaki, an array of materials and patterns contribute to its versatility and functionality. From traditional cotton to modern moisture-wicking fabrics, haramaki makers explore a wide range of materials to ensure comfort and efficacy. While some designs feature solid colors and simple patterns for a classic appeal, others showcase intricate Japanese fabric patterns, such as Shibori, to add a touch of elegance and cultural significance.

Crumpled cotton clothes tie dyed in shibori technique Photo by Teona Swift

In the fashion industry, haramaki has undergone a notable transformation, evolving from a functional undergarment to a stylish accessory. Designers and fashion houses have embraced haramaki, integrating it into their collections as a versatile and chic addition. With its roots in Japanese tradition and its resurgence as a fashion statement, haramaki has become a unique fusion of cultural heritage and contemporary style. This shift has elevated haramaki to a sought-after accessory that offers both aesthetic appeal and practical benefits.

Rolls of assorted fabrics and textiles and sewing patterns Photo by Ksenia Chernaya

Health Benefits of Wearing a Haramaki

Wearing a haramaki belly band offers numerous health benefits, providing both warmth and comfort, and acting as a wellness accessory.

Warmth and Comfort

The haramaki’s snug fit around the midsection helps to maintain body heat, making it a perfect addition to your wardrobe during colder months. By increasing blood circulation, the belly band ensures that warmth is evenly distributed throughout the body, from the core to the extremities, without the need for bulky layering. This results in a cozy, comfortable experience that keeps you feeling snug and warm without restricting movement.

Comfortable and Cost Blanket on a Couch Photo by Karolina Grabowska

The Haramaki as a Wellness Accessory

The haramaki serves as a wellness accessory with multiple health-boosting properties. It improves circulation, aids in digestion, and provides protection against environmental elements. The belly band not only offers warmth but also serves as a source of relief for lower back pain, stomach discomfort, and menstrual cramps in women. Additionally, it provides essential support for the stomach, lower back, and expanding midsection for pregnant women, making it a versatile and practical accessory for overall well-being.

Set of different kettlebells Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

Cultural Significance of the Haramaki in Japan

The Haramaki holds a prominent place within the rich tapestry of Japanese traditions, particularly in the context of combating the cold weather prevalent in many regions. Historically, the garment was utilized as a practical solution to keep warm in the absence of central heating systems. The traditional Japanese approach to staying warm showcases the innovative solutions developed within the culture to address the challenges of cold weather.

The Haramaki in Japanese Traditions

The Haramaki, a tube of cloth worn around the belly, has long been recognized as an essential winter undergarment in Japan. It serves as a valuable layering piece, providing warmth and insulation to the core of the body. In past times, the combination of quilted cotton jackets, sitting around a kotatsu, and taking deep hot baths was complemented by the use of the Haramaki to ensure individuals remained warm during the chilly winter months.

The Perception of Haramaki Through the Ages

The perception of the Haramaki has evolved over time, transitioning from a purely functional garment to a stylish and colorful accessory. Once available in plain, utilitarian colors, the Haramaki can now be found in a myriad of vibrant hues and designs, reflecting contemporary fashion trends. Embracing the concept of “Cool-Biz” in summer, which promotes cooler clothing to reduce air-conditioning use, Japan’s cultural evolution has also seen an emphasis on “Warm-Biz” during winter, encouraging the adoption of traditional clothing in unique patterns and colors.

Japanese Macaque with Fluffy Fur Resting on Stones Near Snow
Photo by Vishrut Bajpai

How to Wear a Haramaki

I love incorporating haramaki into my wardrobe! It’s not only functional but also adds a touch of Japanese tradition to my style. Here are some styling tips to effortlessly integrate haramaki into your daily fashion and mix tradition with modern trends.

Styling Tips for Incorporating Haramaki into Your Wardrobe

When wearing a haramaki, consider layering it over a simple top or dress. This not only adds warmth but also creates a unique and eye-catching look. Pair it with high-waisted bottoms to accentuate the waist and create a flattering silhouette. You can also experiment with different colors and patterns to complement your outfit.

Mixing Tradition with Modern Fashion

To embrace the traditional aspect of haramaki while staying fashionable, consider incorporating it into both casual and formal looks. For a casual outfit, layer a haramaki over a basic tee or sweater for added warmth and style. In formal settings, opt for a sleek haramaki design that complements your attire, adding a touch of sophistication to your ensemble.

Haramaki Fashion Photo by Toàn Văn

Haramaki Around the World

The influence of Japanese haramaki has extended beyond its country of origin, gaining popularity in various cultures around the world. The traditional Japanese belly warmer, known as haramaki, has a rich history and has made its mark in different parts of the globe.

The Global Influence of Japanese Haramaki

Originally worn for warmth and health benefits in Japan, haramaki has transcended cultural boundaries and is now recognized and embraced internationally. It has transitioned from being solely a functional undergarment to a fashion accessory with widespread appeal. Its versatility and comfort have contributed to its global recognition.

Woman Writing in Paper Photo by

Haramaki in Different Cultures

In various cultures, the haramaki has been reimagined and adapted to suit different fashion trends and lifestyle needs. While retaining its core purpose of providing warmth and support to the midsection, it has been integrated into modern fashion and wellness practices across the globe. The cultural significance and evolution of haramaki reflect its universal appeal and adaptability.

The haramaki’s journey from its origins in Japan to its embrace by diverse communities worldwide underscores its enduring relevance and widespread adoption.

Next, I will delve into the health benefits associated with haramaki and its contemporary applications.


In conclusion, a haramaki is a traditional Japanese clothing item that covers the stomach, worn for both health and fashion purposes. While historically used as a form of armor during wartime, modern haramaki are simple circular fabric tubes worn around the midriff and have gained popularity in Japanese fashion as practical and aesthetic accessories. With various fabrics and patterns available, haramaki have become a fashionable and versatile garment in contemporary Japanese culture.

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About the author
blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo

Hi! I’m Andrea, a passionate freelance writer with a knack for captivating storytelling.

With a decade of marketing expertise and a genuine love for crafting compelling content, I bring your ideas to life!

Let me know if you need a writer for your blog!

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