Andrea Urbinati

10 Social Taboos in Japan: Discover the top faux pas you must avoid

Di Andrea Urbinati

blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo

Planning a trip to Japan? Then buckle up and prepare to navigate the intricate web of Japanese customs and social norms. As a well-traveled individual, I’m here to shed light on the ten social taboos that you absolutely need to steer clear of during your visit to the Land of the Rising Sun. From honking at pedestrians to lighting up in public, Japan has its own set of unwritten rules that may surprise you. So, let’s dive in and uncover the cultural do’s and don’ts that will help you avoid any potential social media disasters or disapproving stares. Get ready for a crash course in Japanese etiquette!


Social Taboos in Japan: The Art of Bowing

In Japan, bowing is an essential part of the culture and holds significant meaning in various situations. It is crucial to understand the different bows for different occasions and to avoid the faux pas of over-bowing or under-bowing. Let’s delve into the intriguing world of bowing in Japan.

Different Bows for Different Occasions

Bowing in Japan is not a one-size-fits-all gesture. The depth and duration of the bow vary depending on the situation and the person being bowed to. Here are a few examples:

  1. Eshaku: The most common and casual bow, where you slightly incline your head forward. It is suitable for greetings between friends or acquaintances.
  2. Keirei: A respectful bow performed at a 30-degree angle. This is commonly used when expressing gratitude or apologizing.
  3. Saikeirei: A deeper bow with a 45-degree angle, reserved for formal occasions or showing great respect to someone of higher status.
  4. Dogeza: An extreme form of bowing, where you kneel down and touch your forehead to the ground. This gesture is used to show utmost deference or when begging for forgiveness.

Understanding the appropriate bow for each situation helps you navigate social interactions with grace and respect.

The Faux Pas of Over-Bowing or Under-Bowing

While bowing is a sign of respect in Japan, overdoing it or not bowing enough can lead to social faux pas. It’s crucial to strike the right balance to avoid any unintended offense. Here are some points to keep in mind:

  1. Over-Bowing: Excessive bowing can be seen as insincere or even mocking. It’s essential to gauge the appropriate bow based on the situation and the person you are interacting with. Avoid unnecessarily deep or prolonged bows in casual settings to prevent awkwardness.
  2. Under-Bowing: On the other hand, under-bowing might be perceived as disrespectful or showing a lack of sincerity. Failing to bow appropriately in formal or traditional settings can give the impression that you are disregarding the customs and etiquette of the culture.

Remember, bowing is about showing respect and acknowledging the hierarchy or social dynamics of the situation. By observing and adapting to the bowing customs, you can navigate Japanese culture smoothly and avoid unintentional missteps.

Understanding the nuances of bowing in Japan adds depth to your cultural experience and enhances your interactions with locals. By utilizing different bowing styles for different occasions and avoiding over-bowing or under-bowing, you can confidently engage with Japanese etiquette and leave a positive impression. So, let’s embrace the art of bowing and honor the customs of this fascinating country.


Social Taboos in Japan: Chopstick Etiquettes

No matter where you are in the world, using chopsticks comes with its own set of etiquette rules. So, before you embark on your culinary adventure in Japan, let’s familiarize ourselves with the chopstick faux pas you must avoid. Here are two common chopstick taboos to keep in mind:

The Crossed Chopsticks Taboo

Do you have the urge to rest your chopsticks by crossing them on your bowl? Well, think twice before you do that in Japan. In Japanese culture, crossing your chopsticks is considered a symbol of death and is highly disrespectful. So, always remember to place your chopsticks parallel to each other, neatly resting on your chopstick rest or across your plate.

The Vertical Chopsticks Faux Pas

When you’re done with your meal, resist the temptation to stick your chopsticks vertically into the leftover food. This action too is associated with death and is considered extremely impolite in Japan. Instead, lay your chopsticks flat across your bowl or on the chopstick rest provided.

Now that we’ve covered these chopstick taboos, let’s dive into some culturally specific nuances to further enhance your chopstick etiquette:


  • While eating in Japan, it’s acceptable to lift a bowl close to your mouth and push food into your mouth using your chopsticks.
  • When you’re at the table, place your chopsticks above the plate, parallel to the table, with the tips pointing towards the left.
  • Remember, rubbing disposable chopsticks together is considered rude as it implies the restaurant provided you with low-quality chopsticks.
  • In more formal restaurants, it’s customary to insert disposable chopsticks back into their wrapper when you’re finished.
  • Lastly, another important chopstick taboo to avoid in Japan is crossing your chopsticks. Remember, it’s seen as another symbol of death and is considered impolite.

Remembering these nuances will ensure that you navigate the world of Japanese chopstick etiquette with confidence and respect.

Stay tuned for more social taboos in Japan and how to avoid them in the upcoming sections.


Social Taboos in Japan: Tipping

Tipping is a cultural practice that varies from country to country. In Japan, however, it is important to know that tipping is not a customary practice and can actually be considered as an insult. So, when visiting Japan, it’s crucial to understand the local etiquette regarding tipping to avoid any unintentional faux pas.

Where Tipping is Considered as Insult

In Japan, the service industry operates on the principle of providing exceptional service as a standard, without the expectation of additional monetary compensation. Tipping may be seen as disrespectful or implying that the service provided was subpar. In fact, the Japanese take great pride in their work and view it as their duty to deliver exceptional service without the need for extra incentive.

Whether you’re dining at a restaurant, staying in a hotel, or utilizing various other services, it’s important to remember that tipping is not expected or encouraged in Japan. Instead, your payment or the standard service charge will cover the quality service you receive.

What to Do Instead of Tipping

While tipping may not be the norm in Japan, there are other ways to show your appreciation and gratitude for excellent service:

  1. Arigato gozaimasu: A simple and heartfelt “thank you” goes a long way in expressing your gratitude for the exceptional service you have received. The sincerity and politeness of the Japanese culture are greatly appreciated, so make sure to thank the staff for their assistance.
  2. Omiyage: To show your appreciation, consider bringing small souvenirs or gifts from your home country to give to the staff who have provided outstanding service. This gesture is known as “omiyage” and is deeply ingrained in Japanese culture as a way of expressing gratitude.
  3. Leave a positive review: In the age of technology, leaving a positive review online can greatly impact a business. If you were impressed by the service, consider writing a review on a relevant platform such as TripAdvisor or Yelp to acknowledge the staff’s hard work and dedication.

Remember, the key is to acknowledge and appreciate the excellent service provided, rather than offering a tip. By respecting the local customs and showing your gratitude in alternative ways, you’ll ensure a positive and culturally sensitive experience during your time in Japan.

Note: The information provided in this section is based on cultural conventions. It’s always advisable to do some research and ask for local advice when in doubt.


Social Taboos in Japan: Shoes in Japan

In Japan, shoes play a crucial role in social etiquette. It may seem surprising to outsiders, but the Japanese have specific rules and customs associated with footwear. In this section, we will explore why shoes are a big deal in Japan and highlight the error of wearing shoes indoors.

Why Shoes are a Big Deal in Japan

Japanese culture places significant importance on cleanliness and hygiene. As a result, shoes are seen as carriers of dirt and impurities that should be kept outside the living spaces. Therefore, proper shoe etiquette is essential to maintain cleanliness and demonstrate respect for others.

Furthermore, shoes are considered an extension of one’s personal space. By removing them before entering someone’s home or certain public places, people show a willingness to honor the space and maintain its cleanliness. This practice also promotes a sense of unity and shared responsibility within communities.

The Error of Wearing Shoes Indoors

Wearing shoes indoors is considered a major faux pas in Japan. It is seen as disrespectful and unclean. When entering a Japanese home, traditional inn (ryokan), or certain businesses, it is customary to remove your shoes and either change into house slippers or, in some cases, walk barefoot. This practice helps keep the floors clean and prevents outside dirt and germs from being tracked inside.

This rule also applies to certain public spaces such as traditional temples, tea houses, and some restaurants. Before entering these establishments, it is important to look for signs or a designated area where you should remove your shoes. In some cases, you may be provided with slippers specifically for indoor use.

Wearing shoes indoors can be seen as a sign of disregard for Japanese customs and could potentially offend your hosts. To avoid committing this social taboo, it’s crucial to be observant and follow the lead of the locals.

Remember, taking off your shoes and keeping a clean environment is not only a matter of politeness; it is a reflection of Japan’s cultural values and a way to show respect for others and their spaces.


Social Taboos in Japan: Onsen Etiquettes

Hot springs, or Onsen, are an integral part of Japanese culture, and it’s important to familiarize yourself with the proper etiquette when visiting these relaxing and rejuvenating baths. In this section, we’ll explore two crucial aspects of Onsen etiquette: the “No-Towel-in-the-Bath” rule and the tattoo taboo in Onsen.

The No-Towel-in-the-Bath Rule

One of the first things you’ll notice when entering an Onsen is that everyone is naked. That’s right, in Japanese culture, it’s customary for everyone to enter the bath nakedly, without any swimwear or towels. It may feel a bit awkward at first, especially if you’re not used to it, but remember that this is a cultural experience that promotes communal bathing.

So, leave your inhibitions behind and embrace the tradition! Enjoy the warm, soothing waters while in the company of others. If you’re feeling self-conscious, some Onsen establishments offer private open-air baths where you can enjoy the experience in a more secluded setting.

The Tattoo Taboo in Onsen

Before diving into the hot springs, it’s crucial to be aware of the tattoo taboo in Onsen. In Japan, tattoos have long been associated with criminal activities, which has led many traditional Onsen establishments to prohibit entry for those with visible tattoos.

However, it’s important to note that not all Onsen adhere to this rule. Some establishments, like the Shima Onsen Kashiwaya Ryokan, are considered “tattoo-friendly” and welcome individuals with tattoos. Nevertheless, it’s advisable to research and respect the policies of each Onsen you plan to visit.

If you do have tattoos and wish to experience an Onsen, consider utilizing private open-air baths or seeking out Onsen that explicitly accept guests with tattoos. By doing so, you can fully enjoy the therapeutic benefits of the hot springs without any concerns.

Remember, when visiting Onsen in Japan, it’s essential to be respectful of local customs and traditions. Embrace the opportunity to immerse yourself in the therapeutic waters while adhering to the established etiquette. By following these guidelines, you’ll ensure a harmonious and enjoyable experience for yourself and other bathers.

Next, we’ll explore another intriguing aspect of Japanese culture and etiquette – the concept of “Omakase” in dining. Stay tuned for more fascinating insights!


Social Taboos in Japan: Food Rules

Japan has a rich culinary culture with its own set of rules and etiquettes when it comes to dining. To avoid any embarrassing moments or unintentionally offending your hosts or fellow diners, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with some of the food rules in Japan. In this section, we’ll explore two important food-related taboos: The Noisy Slurping and The ‘Don’t Pour Your Own Drink’ Rule.

The Noisy Slurping

In many cultures, slurping while eating can be seen as impolite or even rude. However, in Japan, slurping your noodles, particularly ramen and udon, is considered a sign of appreciation and enjoyment. It might seem counterintuitive, but slurping noodles is believed to enhance the flavors and show respect to the chef. So, when you find yourself in a local ramen shop or noodle bar, don’t be afraid to slurp away with gusto! Embrace the unique experience and immerse yourself in the local culture.

The ‘Don’t Pour Your Own Drink’ Rule

In social gatherings or formal dining situations, it is customary in Japan for someone else to pour your drink, whether it’s beer, sake, or tea. This practice stems from the concept of mutual respect and care for others. Pouring your own drink is seen as self-serving and suggests a lack of consideration for those around you. So, if you notice that your neighbor’s glass is empty, take the initiative and offer to pour their drink. Likewise, if someone offers to pour your drink, extend your glass towards them politely. Remember, this small gesture demonstrates your attentiveness and respect for Japanese customs.

By understanding and adhering to these food rules, you’ll not only avoid any faux pas but also show your appreciation for the local culture. Embrace the slurping and let others pour your drink, as it’s all part of the wonderful tapestry of Japanese dining customs. Stay tuned for more captivating social taboos in Japan in the upcoming sections of this article.


Social Taboos in Japan: Keeping to the Left

In Japan, there are certain social taboos that foreigners should be aware of in order to avoid any unintentional offense. One such taboo revolves around the concept of keeping to the left. Let’s dive into the Tokyo Exception to the Rule and the social sin of standing on the right.

The Tokyo Exception to the Rule

When it comes to walking on the streets of Japan, the general rule is to keep to the left. However, there is a unique exception to this rule in the bustling metropolis of Tokyo. In Tokyo, the convention is to walk on the right side of the sidewalk. This peculiar exception can be rather perplexing for visitors who are used to the left-side norm.

The Social Sin of Standing on the Right

Now, let’s get to the social sin of standing on the right in places where keeping to the left is expected. In Japan, particularly in cities like Osaka and Kyoto, standing on the right side of escalators, elevators, or staircases is considered a major faux pas. The left side is designated for those who wish to walk or pass through, while the right side is reserved for standing.

By standing on the right, you disrupt the smooth flow of people moving through these passageways, leading to confusion and irritation. It is crucial to always be mindful of this social norm and follow the crowd. Burstiness is not appreciated in this context, as it disrupts the overall efficiency of public spaces.

To avoid committing this social sin, always make sure to stand on the left side, allowing those who are in a rush to pass through on the right. This simple act of adherence to the cultural norms will be greatly appreciated by the locals and help you blend in seamlessly.

Remember, blending in and respecting local customs in Japan is of utmost importance. By keeping to the left in most cases and understanding the Tokyo Exception to the Rule, you will demonstrate cultural sensitivity and avoid any unnecessary misunderstanding or offense.

So, next time you find yourself navigating the busy streets of Japan, make sure to stay on the correct side and keep the flow going. And remember, the left side is where you want to be!


Social Taboos in Japan: Commuting Rules

Commuting in Japan is a unique experience that adheres to a set of unspoken rules, which are essential to understand in order to avoid committing any social faux pas. In this section, we will explore two important commuting rules that you should keep in mind during your stay in Japan: The Mobile Phone Rule and The No-Talking Rule.

The Mobile Phone Rule

When it comes to using your mobile phone while commuting in Japan, it’s crucial to be considerate of your fellow commuters. Unlike in some other countries where it’s common to openly use your phone, in Japan, it is generally expected that you keep your phone on silent mode and refrain from engaging in loud or lengthy conversations.

Using your phone for texting, emailing, or browsing the internet is generally acceptable. However, it’s important to do so discreetly and avoid disturbing those around you. Remember, the aim is to create a peaceful and quiet environment for everyone on the train or bus.

The No-Talking Rule

Another important rule to remember while commuting in Japan is the “No-Talking Rule.” Japanese commuters value their personal space and privacy, and it is customary to observe a silent and tranquil atmosphere during the journey.

Engaging in loud conversations or speaking in a raised voice is considered impolite and disruptive. Instead, it is recommended to keep your conversations to a minimum or save them for an appropriate setting outside of the commuting environment.

By adhering to the “No-Talking Rule,” you can contribute to a calm and respectful atmosphere during your commute, allowing everyone to enjoy their journey in peace.

In conclusion, commuting in Japan is governed by a set of unspoken rules that prioritize harmony and consideration for others. By following the Mobile Phone Rule and the No-Talking Rule, you can ensure a smooth and pleasant commuting experience for yourself and those around you. So remember, keep your phone usage discreet and avoid unnecessary conversations to embrace the Japanese commuting culture.


Social Taboos in Japan: Gift Giving in Japan

When it comes to gift-giving in Japan, there are certain social taboos that foreigners should be aware of. Japanese culture places great importance on etiquette and proper conduct, so it’s crucial to navigate these customs with care. In this section, we’ll explore two significant taboos associated with gift-giving in Japan: the wrong number of gifts and the don’t-open-immediately rule.

The Wrong Number of Gifts Taboo

In Japan, the number of gifts you give is just as important as the quality. It’s essential to avoid certain numbers as they are associated with bad luck or unfortunate events. For instance, the number four, pronounced as “shi,” sounds similar to the Japanese word for death. Hence, presenting gifts in sets of four is seen as highly inappropriate and should be avoided at all costs.

Similarly, the number nine, pronounced as “ku,” is a homophone for “pain” or “suffering.” Therefore, gifts given in sets of nine may be interpreted negatively. It’s always best to stick to numbers that are considered auspicious, such as three or five, to show respect and goodwill.

The Don’t-Open-Immediately Rule

Unlike in some Western cultures where gifts are often opened immediately upon receipt, Japan has a different tradition. It is considered impolite for the recipient to open a gift in front of the giver. Instead, gifts are usually opened in private, after the giver has left. This tradition allows the recipient to show appreciation without feeling rushed or pressured to react a certain way in front of others.

By adhering to this rule, you demonstrate respect for the giver’s thoughtfulness and allow them to save face. So, if you find yourself receiving a gift in Japan, be patient and resist the temptation to tear off the wrapping paper right away.

Remember, gift-giving is an integral part of Japanese culture, and understanding and respecting the customs surrounding it is crucial. Avoiding the wrong number of gifts taboo and following the don’t-open-immediately rule will help you navigate these social intricacies effectively and leave a positive impression on your Japanese acquaintances.



Navigating the intricate web of “social taboos in Japan” can initially seem like a daunting task for many foreigners. The island nation is a fascinating blend of old traditions and new advances, and this duality reflects in the social norms and etiquettes that govern daily life here. Understanding the “social taboos in Japan” is not just about avoiding faux pas, but it’s a step towards appreciating the culture and creating respectful interactions.

The core of Japanese etiquette lies in minimizing discomfort or inconvenience for others, and maintaining harmony in society. For instance, when visiting Japan, understanding basic taboos like not tipping or avoiding certain gestures with chopsticks can go a long way. The taboo against tipping stems from the belief in exceptional service as a standard, not an extra deserving a tip. This insight into “Japanese etiquette” is invaluable for anyone on a “trip to Japan”.

One of the most recognized taboos revolves around the onsen, or hot springs, a staple of Japanese culture. The rituals of cleanliness before entering the public bath, avoiding bringing towels into the bath water, and the taboo against those with visible tattoos encapsulate a respect for communal and spiritual sanctity.

Social taboos in Japan” extend from public transport etiquette to the ritualistic customs of bathing, showcasing a society deeply rooted in collective responsibility. The attention to cleanliness, indicated by the custom of removing shoes when entering a Japanese home, reflects a broader societal value of purity and respect for others’ spaces.

The taboo against sticking your chopsticks upright in a bowl of rice, as it resembles a funeral ritual, or passing food directly from one pair of chopsticks to another, are examples of how historical and religious context shapes social taboos in Japanese culture. Moreover, the “etiquette and taboos” associated with chopstick use is a glimpse into the Japanese people’s attention to detail and respect for shared communal experiences, like dining.

The exploration of taboos is a fascinating lens through which to understand the societal norms and values. The importance of observing these taboos is amplified for foreigners visiting Japan, as adherence to these unwritten rules is a testament to one’s respect for Japanese culture.

A journey around Japan is as much about exploring the beautiful landscapes, enjoying the unique cuisine, and immersing in the rich history, as it is about navigating the social norms that form the fabric of this unique culture. So, whether you’re relishing street food scenes in Osaka or experiencing the peaceful ambiance of an onsen amidst the hustle of daily life, being mindful of the “social taboos in Japan” will enhance your cultural experience manifold.

In conclusion, the “social taboos in Japanese culture” are windows into the heart of the nation, reflecting the collective consciousness and the deeply ingrained respect for order, harmony, and the feelings of others. So, the next time you find yourself under the blooming cherry blossoms, remember, understanding and adhering to these taboos is the first step in truly appreciating the land of the rising sun.

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About the author
blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo

Hi! I’m Andrea, a passionate freelance writer with a knack for captivating storytelling.

With a decade of marketing expertise and a genuine love for crafting compelling content, I bring your ideas to life!

Let me know if you need a writer for your blog!

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