Andrea Urbinati

Japanese Prefectures: Everything You Need to Know

Di Andrea Urbinati

blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo
Japanese Prefectures: Everything You Need to Know

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures (都道府県, todōfuken), which are the first level of administrative division in the country. These prefectures rank immediately below the national government and form the country’s first level of jurisdiction and administrative division. They include 43 prefectures proper (県, ken), two urban prefectures (府, fu: Osaka and Kyoto), one regional prefecture (道, : Hokkaidō), and one metropolis (都, to: Tokyo). The creation of the first prefectures in 1868 replaced the urban and rural administrators in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the Meiji Restoration administration.

Japanese Prefectures: Everything You Need to Know, DALL·E-2023-11-25-19.28.27-A-detailed-and-accurate-illustrated-map-of-Japan

Japanese Prefectures: A Prefecture Guide

What’s a Prefecture Anyway?

So, you may be wondering, what exactly is a prefecture? Well, think of it as Japan’s version of a state or province. It’s a geographical and administrative division that helps organize the country. Each prefecture has its own unique culture, history, and attractions, making Japan a diverse and fascinating place to explore.

Counting Them Up

Let’s talk numbers! Japan is made up of 47 prefectures, each with its own distinct personality. From the bustling metropolis of Tokyo to the tranquil landscapes of Hokkaido, there’s a prefecture for every type of traveler. Whether you’re into ancient temples, stunning natural scenery, or mouthwatering cuisine, Japan’s got you covered.

A Peek into the Past

To truly understand Japan, you’ve got to delve into its past. Many prefectures are steeped in rich history, with centuries-old traditions and landmarks that provide a window into Japan’s intriguing past. From the samurai strongholds of Kanagawa to the traditional crafts of Okinawa, each prefecture has a story to tell.

So, there you have it—a little taste of what Japan’s prefectures have to offer. Get ready to embark on a journey that’s sure to surprise and delight at every turn.


The Big Four: Exploring Japan’s Regions

The Wild North

If you’re seeking a nature-filled escape from the hustle and bustle, Hokkaido in Japan’s northernmost region is an ideal destination. Known for its breathtaking landscapes, including the stunning Daisetsuzan mountain range and the famous Shikisai-no-Oka flower fields, Hokkaido offers a glimpse into the untouched wilderness of Japan. With cool summers and snowy winters, this region is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts, offering activities like hiking, skiing, and hot spring baths to recharge and unwind.

The Heartland

Honshu, the largest of Japan’s islands, is a vibrant and bustling hub of activity. From the energetic metropolis of Tokyo to the serene towns nestled at the base of Mount Fuji, Honshu offers a dynamic blend of urban excitement and cultural exploration. The island is home to diverse regions and 34 prefectures, each with its own unique charm and attractions. Whether you’re exploring the vibrant city life or embarking on a cultural pilgrimage, Honshu is a captivating tapestry of modernity and tradition.

The Cultural Trove

Venture into Japan’s heartland to uncover a wealth of cultural treasures. From the historic city of Kyoto, with its ancient temples and traditional tea houses, to the picturesque landscapes of Nara, where sacred deer roam freely, the cultural richness of the region is bound to enchant and captivate. Immerse yourself in the art of traditional craftsmanship, savor the delicate flavors of local cuisine, and witness age-old traditions come to life against a backdrop of timeless beauty.

The Sunny South

For a taste of Japan’s subtropical splendor, head to the southern region, where a balmy climate and an abundance of cultural sites await. Okinawa, a collection of islands off the southern coast, offers a tranquil escape with its crystal-clear waters, pristine beaches, and a vibrant blend of indigenous and international influences. Discover the unique Ryukyu culture, indulge in delectable island cuisine, and bask in the warm embrace of southern hospitality.

The Tropical Escape

Escape to the tropical paradise of Japan’s southern islands, where azure waters and lush greenery create an idyllic retreat. From the enchanting beauty of Ishigaki Island to the untamed landscapes of Yakushima, the southern archipelago beckons with its natural allure and laid-back atmosphere. Whether you’re snorkeling in vibrant coral reefs, trekking through ancient forests, or simply unwinding on sun-kissed shores, the tropical escape promises a rejuvenating journey into tranquility.


Prefectures with Personality: Unique Traits and Traditions


Ah, Tokyo – where traditional and modern collide in a delightful dance! From the bustling streets of Shibuya to the serene gardens of Shinjuku Gyoen, there’s a little something for everyone in this vibrant metropolis. I can’t help but get lost in the neon-lit alleyways of Akihabara, indulging in the latest anime and gaming trends. And let’s not forget about the mouthwatering array of street food – from savory okonomiyaki to sweet taiyaki, each bite is a flavor explosion! If you’re a culture enthusiast, be sure to catch a mesmerizing Kabuki performance at the historic Kabukiza Theatre. For me, Tokyo is like a colorful bento box – every compartment holds a unique surprise!

Learn more about Tokyo’s unique attractions here.


Oh, Okinawa – where the pace is slow, and the vibes are tropical! This island prefecture boasts crystal-clear waters and pristine white-sand beaches that beckon you to dip your toes in and let all your worries float away. I can’t resist the call of the ocean and often find myself snorkeling amidst vibrant coral reefs, or simply lazing under the swaying palm trees. The rich cultural heritage of the Ryukyu Kingdom is palpable as I stroll through the charming streets of Naha, where the vibrant hues of traditional shisa statues stand out against the azure sky. The island’s distinctive musical tradition, with the enchanting sounds of sanshin and the ebb and flow of traditional Okinawan dance, never fails to capture my heart.

Discover more about Okinawa’s island allure here.


Kyoto – a city that whispers stories of ancient Japan with every rustle of the wind. As I walk through the iconic torii gates of Fushimi Inari Taisha, I am enveloped in a world of tranquility and mystery. The city’s historic temples and shrines, such as the resplendent Kinkaku-ji and the serene Kiyomizu-dera, are like portals to a bygone era, each exuding its own unique charm. And who can forget the timeless elegance of the geisha gliding through the alleyways of the Gion district? The mesmerizing art of the traditional tea ceremony and the deep, earthy aroma of matcha transport me to a realm of serenity and tradition.

Uncover the allure of traditional Kyoto here.


Ah, Hokkaido – where untamed wilderness meets cozy, snow-covered towns! This northern gem embraces me in its wintry embrace, inviting me to partake in exhilarating snow sports or unwind in soothing, natural hot springs. The annual Sapporo Snow Festival is a testament to Hokkaido’s festive spirit, with its spectacular ice sculptures illuminating the winter night. But it’s not all about the cold – Hokkaido’s culinary scene is a delightful fusion of hearty miso ramen, fresh-off-the-boat seafood, and decadent dairy treats. As I gaze at the awe-inspiring landscape of Shikisai-no-Oka, adorned with vibrant blooms, I am reminded of Hokkaido’s incredible duality – a land of contrasts that harmonize into an unforgettable experience.

Explore Hokkaido’s natural wonders here.


Governing the Land of the Rising Sun

I’ve always been fascinated by the intricate workings of Japan’s prefectural government. It’s an interesting blend of tradition and modernity, and understanding how it all comes together is like peeling back the layers of a cultural onion. So, let’s dive in and explore the role of the prefectural government and how it compares to states in other countries.

Who’s in Charge? The Role of a Prefectural Government

The prefectural government in Japan is like the conductor of a symphony, overseeing the harmonious orchestration of local affairs. At the helm is the governor, who serves as the chief executive and sets the tone for the entire prefecture. Each prefecture also has an assembly, akin to a local parliament, responsible for creating and passing local laws and budgets. The government works tirelessly to address the unique needs of each region, from economic development to social welfare programs, making sure no one misses a beat.

Japanese Prefectures vs. Japanese States

While many countries have states or provinces, Japan has 47 distinct prefectures, each with its own flavor and flair. Prefectures carry out a wide range of governmental functions, similar to states in other countries. However, the key difference is in the level of autonomy. Prefectures operate under the umbrella of the national government, with a delicate balance of power and responsibilities. This unique structure allows for a tailored approach to addressing local needs while staying in harmony with the broader national framework.

Feeling a bit like a detective, I’ve delved into the captivating world of Japan’s prefectural government, uncovering the nuances that make it both perplexing and bursting with vibrancy. It’s like unwrapping a present – you never quite know what you’ll find, but it’s always an exciting journey.


Touring the Prefectures: Must-See Spots and Experiences

Festivals and Feasts

Exploring the off-the-beaten-path prefectures in Japan offers a wealth of unique festivals and feasts that showcase the rich cultural tapestry of the country. From the ethereal beauty of the Awa Odori Festival in Tokushima to the vibrant and colorful Aomori Nebuta Matsuri, visitors can immerse themselves in traditional dances, music, and local delicacies. Delight your senses with the tantalizing aroma of street food at the Yatai stalls during Hakata Gion Yamakasa in Fukuoka or savor the culinary pleasures of the Takayama Festival in Gifu. These captivating events provide a window into the heart and soul of Japan’s diverse traditions and culinary heritage.

Natural Wonders

Venture off the well-trodden path and discover the breathtaking natural wonders that adorn Japan’s lesser-explored prefectures. Engage in soul-stirring experiences amidst the tranquil landscapes of Yakushima in Kagoshima, renowned for its ancient cedar forests and mystical moss-covered trails. Marvel at the surreal beauty of the Tottori Sand Dunes, the largest expanse of sand hills in Japan, or ascend to the panoramic vistas of Mount Daisen in Tottori Prefecture. The ethereal beauty of the Iya Valley in Tokushima and the crystalline waters of Lake Biwa in Shiga offer a serene respite from the bustling urban landscape, beckoning travelers to embrace the untamed majesty of nature.

Urban Adventures

Embark on urban adventures in the offbeat prefectures of Japan, where vibrant cityscapes and hidden gems await exploration. Wander along the historic streets of Kurashiki in Okayama, adorned with charming Edo-period buildings and picturesque canals, or revel in the contemporary art scene amidst the art island of Naoshima in Kagawa Prefecture. Dive into the rich historical tapestry of Kanazawa in Ishikawa, renowned for its samurai and geisha districts, or navigate the labyrinthine alleyways of Takayama in Gifu, where time stands still amid ancient shrines and traditional machiya houses. These urban escapades offer a glimpse into Japan’s lesser-known treasures, where history, art, and culture intersect to weave a compelling narrative of the country’s enigmatic allure.

The Flavors of Japan: A Culinary Journey Through the Prefectures

Hey there, foodie friends! Get ready to embark on a culinary adventure through Japan’s diverse and mesmerizing prefectures. I’m about to take you on a flavorful journey that’ll make your taste buds tingle and your stomach rumble. Are you ready? Let’s dive into the delectable world of Japanese cuisine!

Savoring Sapporo

First stop, Sapporo! Known for its iconic Sapporo beer, this northern gem also boasts a delightful array of culinary delights. From savory miso ramen to fresh seafood straight from the chilly waters of Hokkaido, Sapporo offers a unique blend of hearty and comforting dishes. Don’t miss the chance to sample Jingisukan, a savory grilled lamb dish that’s a local favorite.

For more insider tips on Sapporo’s gastronomic wonders, check out Sapporo Travel Guide.

Osaka’s Kitchen

Welcome to the bustling food paradise of Osaka – a place where every meal is an adventure. Known as the “Kitchen of Japan,” Osaka is a food lover’s dream come true. Indulge in crispy and savory okonomiyaki, a delectable pancake layered with cabbage, meat, and a special sauce. And let’s not forget about the irresistible aroma of takoyaki, savory octopus balls cooked to perfection.

Looking for more foodie hotspots in Osaka? Osaka Info has all the savory details.

Fukuoka’s Foodie Finds

Last but definitely not least, we’re heading to Fukuoka, a vibrant city on the island of Kyushu. Fukuoka takes its food seriously, and you’ll find a treasure trove of culinary wonders here. Indulge in the famous tonkotsu ramen, a rich and creamy noodle soup that’ll have you slurping till the last drop. And don’t miss out on mentaiko, spicy pollock roe that adds a flavorful kick to any dish.

Craving more insight into Fukuoka’s food scene? Check out Fukuoka Now for a taste of what this city has to offer.

Get ready to tantalize your taste buds and experience the rich tapestry of flavors that Japan’s prefectures have to offer. Stay tuned for more mouthwatering adventures in the Land of the Rising Sun.


Learning the Lingo: Dialects Across Prefectures


When visiting the Kansai region, you might be surprised by the unique accent and phrases you hear. The local dialect, known as Kansai-ben, is lively and distinct from standard Japanese. For example, instead of “arigato” for thank you, locals might say “ookini” in Kyoto and “maido” in Osaka. Learning a few Kansai-ben phrases can be a fun way to connect with the locals and add a touch of authenticity to your communication.


Traveling to the Tohoku region, you’ll encounter Tohoku-ben, a warm and friendly dialect with its own charm. Locals might use phrases like “arigatonai” for thank you in Fukushima and “kinodokuna” in Ishikawa. Embracing the Tohoku-ben dialect during your visit can create a sense of camaraderie with the locals and enrich your cultural experience.


In the vibrant Okinawa region, the Okinawan dialect reflects the island’s rich heritage and distinct identity. Phrases like “dandan” for thank you in Tottori and “okin” in Miyazaki showcase the linguistic diversity within Japan. Learning and using Okinawan phrases can foster a deeper connection with the culture and people of Okinawa.

I hope by learning a bit about these different dialects, it makes you excited to explore the unique linguistic landscape of Japan’s prefectures!

From Samurai to Sumo: Cultural Landmarks and Traditions

Japan is a captivating blend of ancient traditions and vibrant culture. Let’s delve into the captivating world of Japanese cultural landmarks and traditions.

Castles and Samurai Legacies

The allure of Japan’s rich history comes alive through its majestic castles and samurai legacy. The historic city of Himeji boasts the extraordinary Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage site. With its stunning architecture and intricate defense systems, it offers a fascinating glimpse into Japan’s feudal past. Venture to the Kanazawa Castle in Ishikawa Prefecture to discover the symbolic significance it holds in Japanese history. Samurai enthusiasts will revel in the chance to explore the well-preserved Nagoya Castle, immersing themselves in the samurai culture that shaped Japan’s identity.

Sumo Stables

For a taste of Japan’s traditional sports culture, exploring sumo stables provides an intriguing insight into this ancient sport. A visit to a sumo stable in Tokyo allows one to witness the rigorous training sessions and the disciplined lifestyle of sumo wrestlers. Experience the electrifying atmosphere as wrestlers engage in intense practice bouts, showcasing their strength and skill. It’s an unmissable opportunity to appreciate the dedication and honor embedded in the world of sumo wrestling.

For further information on the historical significance of Japanese castles and samurai legacies, explore Japan Guide. To gain a deeper understanding of sumo wrestling and its cultural importance, delve into InsideJapan Tours.


Q1: What is the significance of Japan’s 47 prefectures in its administrative system?
A1: Japan’s 47 prefectures are crucial in its administrative system as they serve as the primary level of jurisdiction and administrative division, just below the national government. Each prefecture, whether it’s a standard prefecture, urban prefecture, regional prefecture, or metropolis, plays a significant role in managing local affairs and implementing national policies. This structure allows for efficient governance and tailored regional development, ensuring that the unique needs of each area are addressed.

Q2: How do Japan’s prefectures differ in terms of culture and attractions? A2: Japan’s prefectures are incredibly diverse in terms of culture and attractions. Each one has its own unique identity, shaped by historical influences, geographical location, and local customs. For example, urban prefectures like Tokyo offer a modern, cosmopolitan lifestyle, while prefectures like Kyoto are known for their rich cultural heritage and ancient temples. Hokkaido is famous for its stunning natural landscapes and winter sports, whereas Okinawa is known for its tropical climate and unique Ryukyu culture. This diversity makes Japan a fascinating country with a wide range of experiences to offer.

Q3: What are some unique cultural landmarks and traditions in Japan’s prefectures? A3: Japan’s prefectures boast a wealth of cultural landmarks and traditions. For instance, Himeji Castle in Hyogo is a stunning example of traditional Japanese architecture, while Kanazawa’s well-preserved districts reflect the samurai era. Sumo wrestling, a quintessential Japanese sport, can be best experienced in Tokyo’s sumo stables. Kyoto’s tea ceremonies and geisha culture offer a glimpse into Japan’s refined arts. Each prefecture holds unique cultural treasures, from historic castles to traditional sports and performing arts, contributing to Japan’s rich cultural tapestry.

Q4: How do the dialects vary across Japan’s prefectures? A4: Japan’s prefectures have distinct dialects, reflecting the country’s linguistic diversity. In the Kansai region, for example, the Kansai-ben dialect features unique phrases and intonations different from standard Japanese. The Tohoku region’s Tohoku-ben has its own warm and friendly dialect, while Okinawa’s language reflects its distinct cultural and historical background. These dialects add to the local charm and identity of each prefecture, offering visitors a deeper understanding of Japan’s regional cultures.

Q5: What role do prefectural governments play in Japan? A5: Prefectural governments in Japan are responsible for managing local affairs and implementing national policies at a regional level. They are led by governors and have their own assemblies, similar to local parliaments. These governments handle a range of functions, including economic development, public health, education, and transportation. The decentralization allows for more effective and region-specific governance, ensuring that the unique needs and characteristics of each prefecture are appropriately addressed.

Q6: How do Japanese prefectures compare to states in other countries? A6: Japanese prefectures are similar to states in other countries in terms of being regional administrative units. However, they differ in their level of autonomy and functions. In Japan, prefectures operate under the national government’s guidance, with a balance of power and responsibilities. This structure allows them to address local needs while aligning with national policies, unlike states in some countries that may have more autonomy in governance.

Q7: What are some must-see spots and experiences in Japan’s prefectures for travelers? A7: For travelers, Japan’s prefectures offer a plethora of must-see spots and experiences. Nature enthusiasts should explore Hokkaido’s natural landscapes and hot springs. Culture buffs can immerse themselves in Kyoto’s historic temples and traditional arts. Adventure seekers can enjoy winter sports in the Japanese Alps or relax on the tropical beaches of Okinawa. Each prefecture offers unique festivals, culinary delights, and historical landmarks, making Japan a diverse and exciting destination.

Q8: How can tourists experience and appreciate the diversity of Japan’s prefectures? A8: Tourists can experience and appreciate Japan’s prefectural diversity by exploring different regions and engaging in local customs and traditions. Participating in regional festivals, sampling local cuisines, visiting historic sites, and interacting with locals can provide a deeper understanding of each prefecture’s unique culture and heritage. Additionally, learning about regional dialects and participating in traditional activities like tea ceremonies or sumo matches can enrich the travel experience.

Q9: What are some key cultural differences among Japan’s prefectures? A9: Key cultural differences among Japan’s prefectures include varying dialects, culinary traditions, historical landmarks, and festivals. Northern prefectures like Hokkaido have distinct Ainu cultural influences, while Okinawa’s culture is shaped by its Ryukyu Kingdom heritage. Kyoto is known for preserving Japan’s classical arts, whereas Tokyo showcases modern Japanese culture. These differences highlight Japan’s regional diversity and historical evolution.

Q10: How do Japan’s prefectures contribute to the country’s overall identity? A10: Japan’s prefectures contribute significantly to the country’s overall identity by showcasing regional diversity and cultural richness. Each prefecture adds its unique flavors, traditions, and experiences to the national tapestry. From Hokkaido’s natural landscapes to Kyoto’s historical heritage and Okinawa’s tropical vibe, the prefectures collectively form a mosaic that represents Japan’s multifaceted culture and history, reinforcing its identity as a nation of rich and varied customs.


In conclusion, Japanese prefectures, known as “todōfuken,” play a crucial role in the country’s administrative structure. With 47 prefectures, including urban prefectures, regional prefectures, and metropolises, Japan’s governance is decentralized to ensure efficient management and development. Each prefecture has its unique culture, attractions, and characteristics, making it an exciting and diverse country to explore. Whether it’s the bustling city life in Tokyo or the serene beauty of Tottori, each prefecture offers a distinct experience for visitors and residents alike. Understanding the significance of these prefectures provides valuable insights into Japan’s rich and varied heritage and societal organization.

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About the author
blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo

Hi! I’m Andrea, a passionate freelance writer with a knack for captivating storytelling.

With a decade of marketing expertise and a genuine love for crafting compelling content, I bring your ideas to life!

Let me know if you need a writer for your blog!

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