Andrea Urbinati

Exploring Shirakawa-go and Gokayama: Where and How

Di Andrea Urbinati

blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo
Shirakawa-go and Gokayama

Shirakawa-go and Gokayama are two beautiful regions in the mountains of Gifu and Toyama Prefectures. Located in the heart of Japan, these areas were once remote but are now easily accessible through various transportation options. The fastest way to reach Shirakawa-go from Tokyo is by taking the Hokuriku Shinkansen to Toyama and transferring to a bus. Another option is to travel via Kanazawa or Shin-Takaoka, each offering a slightly different experience. Additionally, there are routes available through Nagoya for those interested in exploring different parts of the region.

Once there, visitors can use public transportation to navigate the mountainous terrain and explore the charming villages in the area. Whether it’s the historic farmhouses in Ogimachi or the picturesque villages in Gokayama, there is much to discover and enjoy in these regions.

A Glimpse into Japan’s Hidden Mountain Gems

Shirakawa-go and Gokayama, nestled in the remote Japanese mountains, offer a breathtaking glimpse into traditional village life. These regions, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site, boast stunning gassho-zukuri farmhouses with steep thatched roofs, symbolizing hands in prayer. This architectural style, developed over generations, is crafted to withstand heavy snowfall during the winter months. The villages, including Ogimachi in Shirakawa-go and Suganuma and Ainokura in Gokayama, provide an intimate and authentic experience of Japan’s rural heritage. These lesser-known destinations offer a serene escape from modernity, making them a must-visit for those seeking a unique cultural and natural experience.

Shirakawa-go in winter on sunny day. Photo by Pitipat Usanakornkul

Getting to Shirakawa-go and Gokayama from Tokyo

Speedy Travel by Shinkansen and Bus via Toyama

The quickest way to travel from Tokyo to Shirakawago and Gokayama is by taking the Hokuriku Shinkansen to Toyama and transferring to a bus. The journey takes approximately 130-170 minutes and costs around 13,000 yen one way. From Toyama, a bus ride to Shirakawa-go takes about 1.5 hours and costs 1730 yen one way. The timetable for the bus can be found here.

Alternative Route via Kanazawa

If you prefer a slightly slower but equally scenic route, you can opt for the journey via Kanazawa. This route involves travelling by shinkansen and bus, and more details on how to travel between Tokyo and Kanazawa can be found here. Additionally, information on travelling between Kanazawa and Shirakawa-go can be found here.

Journey through Shin-Takaoka Station

Taking the Hokuriku Shinkansen from Tokyo to Shin-Takaoka Station and transferring to the Kaetsuno Bus for Shirakawa-go is another recommended approach. The bus ride takes about 2 hours and costs 1800 yen one way. Notably, this route is advisable for tourists visiting Gokayama, as the bus stops at Ainokura and Suganuma villages along the way.

Taking the Shinkansen and Gifu Bus via Nagoya

Another option is to travel by shinkansen to Nagoya and then take the Gifu Bus to Shirakawa-go. Detailed information on travelling between Tokyo and Nagoya can be found here. Additionally, details on travelling between Nagoya and Shirakawago can be found here.

Tips for a Smooth Travel Experience

  • Plan Ahead: Ensure you check the current exchange rates and any updated fees and schedules before your journey.
  • Flexible Itinerary: Consider exploring the various routes to Shirakawago and Gokayama to enhance your travel experience.
  • Local Insights: Engage with locals or tour guides to gain valuable insights and tips for a memorable trip.

These travel options offer a blend of convenience and scenic beauty, catering to different preferences and travel styles.

Shirakawa-go and Gokayama, a girl biking in trhe street in japan

Navigating the Routes to Shirakawago

Navigating through the different transportation options to reach Shirakawago can be an exciting part of your journey. Here’s a breakdown of the various routes to help you plan your trip seamlessly.

Understanding Bus Timetables

Bus travel is a popular mode of transportation to reach Shirakawago. Understanding the bus timetables is crucial in planning your trip. The local bus service operates from Kanazawa and Toyama, with a journey time of approximately 1.5 hours. Additionally, there are express buses from Nagoya, making Shirakawago accessible from various regions. It’s essential to check the updated bus timetables to coordinate your travel efficiently.

Fare Details and Budget Tips

When it comes to budgeting for your journey to Shirakawago, it’s important to consider the fare details and budget tips. The bus fares vary based on the departure location and the type of service. It is advisable to book tickets in advance to secure the best fares and avoid last-minute hassles. Additionally, opting for travel passes or combo deals can be a cost-effective way to explore the region while saving on transportation expenses.

Accessing Remote Villages

Shirakawago is surrounded by remote villages, each offering a unique cultural experience. The connectivity to these remote villages from Shirakawago is primarily through well-coordinated bus services. Whether it’s a visit to Gokayama or other neighboring villages, the bus network provides convenient access. Exploring these remote villages allows you to delve deeper into the traditional lifestyle and architectural marvels of the region.

Getting Around in Shirakawago

Navigating Shirakawago is primarily centered around Ogimachi Village, the most visited area of the region. The village is small enough to be easily explored on foot, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the traditional Gassho-style houses and local culture. The serene surroundings and tranquil atmosphere truly make this an idyllic destination.

Ogimachi Village

Immerse yourself in the tranquil beauty of Ogimachi Village, where time seems to stand still amidst the stunning Gassho-style houses. The village is small enough to explore on foot, with each step revealing the rich history and unique architecture of the region. Take your time wandering through the narrow streets and experiencing the traditional way of life.

Bus Connections and Schedules

For those looking to venture beyond Ogimachi Village, there are convenient bus connections to neighboring areas. The bus system offers a reliable mode of transportation, with schedules designed to accommodate visitors wishing to explore the wider Shirakawago and Gokayama region. It’s essential to check the bus schedules in advance to plan your itinerary effectively and make the most of your time in this picturesque setting.

The bus connections provide easy access to nearby attractions, offering a seamless travel experience for visitors. Whether you’re heading to Gokayama or exploring other points of interest, the bus system is a convenient way to discover the cultural and natural wonders of the region.

The efficient bus network ensures that travelers can explore the captivating beauty of Shirakawago and Gokayama with ease, allowing for a seamless and enriching travel experience.

Discovering Gokayama’s Hidden Villages

Gokayama is home to two of Japan’s most enchanting and well-preserved villages, Ainokura and Suganuma. These hidden gems offer an immersive peek into traditional Gassho-zukuri houses and a serene, rural way of life. Here’s a sneak peek at what you can expect and how to get there.


Ainokura is a small, picturesque village nestled in a remote valley. Its charm lies in the steep thatched-roof houses surrounded by lush greenery. Visitors can take leisurely strolls along the narrow lanes, admiring the architectural marvels and absorbing the tranquil ambiance. The village exudes an otherworldly allure, especially during snowfall, creating a postcard-perfect setting.

Pathway Between Traditional Houses Photo by Evgeny Tchebotarev


Suganuma, another gem in Gokayama, is known for its idyllic landscape and captivating architecture. The village is dotted with Gassho-zukuri houses, some of which are over 250 years old. Visitors can witness the intricate craftsmanship of these structures and gain insights into the traditional lifestyle of the villagers. The peaceful ambiance and unspoiled scenery make Suganuma a haven for nature enthusiasts and cultural explorers.

Photo Of Houses Photo by Evgeny Tchebotarev

Transport Options for the Less Accessible Gems

As these villages are nestled in remote regions, reaching them requires some planning. The most convenient way to access Ainokura and Suganuma is by utilizing a combination of train and bus services. From Tokyo or Osaka, take a train to Toyama station and then transfer to a bus that will transport you to these hidden treasures. It’s essential to check the bus schedules in advance, as the services may have limited frequency, especially during certain seasons.

Whether you’re a history enthusiast, nature lover, or simply seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience, Ainokura and Suganuma in Gokayama offer a glimpse into Japan’s rich cultural heritage and serene countryside charm.

Practical Information for Travelers

Traveling to Shirakawago & Gokayama requires careful planning and access to the right resources. Here’s a breakdown of practical information to assist in making your journey a smooth and responsible experience.

Where to Buy Tickets and Passes

When it comes to purchasing tickets and passes for your trip to Shirakawago & Gokayama, it’s advisable to secure them in advance. Major railway stations, such as Nagoya and Kanazawa, offer the option to buy regional passes that include bus transportation to the villages. Additionally, online platforms like Japan Rail Pass and travel agencies can provide access to comprehensive travel passes and tickets for hassle-free exploration.

Blue Luggage with Folded Clothes Photo by Kindel Media

Up-to-Date Travel Information Resources

Staying informed about the latest travel advisories, weather conditions, and local events is crucial when planning a trip to Shirakawago & Gokayama. Websites like Japan National Tourism Organization and local tourism boards provide real-time updates on transportation, accommodations, and attractions in the region. Additionally, utilizing mobile apps such as HyperDia for train schedules and Google Maps for navigation can enhance the travel experience.

Best Practices for Responsible Tourism

Responsible tourism is paramount in preserving the cultural and natural heritage of Shirakawago & Gokayama. Visitors are encouraged to adhere to sustainable travel practices, including waste reduction, respect for local traditions, and supporting community-based initiatives. Engaging with local guides and participating in eco-friendly tours offers a deeper understanding of the villages while contributing to their conservation.

Crop unrecognizable person with toy aircraft near multicolored decorative world map with continents attached on white background in light studio Photo by Monstera Production


Q1: What makes Shirakawa-go and Gokayama unique compared to other tourist destinations in Japan?

A1: Shirakawa-go and Gokayama are unique for their picturesque gassho-zukuri farmhouses, which have a distinctive steep thatched roof design. These villages are also known for their stunning natural settings, traditional way of life, and cultural heritage, offering a glimpse into rural Japan. Their designation as UNESCO World Heritage sites further highlights their historical and cultural significance.

Q2: Are there accommodation options available within the villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A2: Yes, there are several accommodation options available in these villages, ranging from traditional guesthouses to minshuku (family-run bed and breakfasts). Staying in these accommodations offers a unique experience to immerse yourself in the local culture and lifestyle. Advance booking is recommended, especially during peak seasons.

Q3: What is the best time of year to visit Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A3: The best time to visit depends on what you want to experience. Winter, especially January and February, is magical for the snow-covered landscapes and winter illumination events. Spring and autumn are great for comfortable weather and scenic beauty, while summer offers lush greenery and various festivals.

Q4: Can visitors participate in any cultural activities in Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A4: Yes, visitors can engage in several cultural activities, such as traditional craft workshops, agricultural experiences, and seasonal festivals. Participating in these activities offers a deeper understanding of the local culture and traditions.

Q5: Are there any specific etiquette rules or cultural norms to be aware of when visiting Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A5: Visitors should respect local customs and practices, such as removing shoes before entering certain areas and being mindful of private properties. It’s also important to follow environmental guidelines to preserve the natural and cultural heritage of these villages.

Q6: How can travelers get around within the villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A6: The villages can be explored on foot, as most attractions are within walking distance. There are also local bus services available for accessing more remote areas or connecting different villages.

Q7: What are some must-try local foods or dishes in Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A7: Local specialties include dishes prepared with fresh mountain vegetables, river fish, and Hida beef. Trying soba noodles and gohei-mochi (grilled rice cakes) is also recommended for a taste of the regional cuisine.

Q8: Are there any hiking or outdoor activities available in the area?

A8: Yes, the region offers beautiful hiking trails with varying difficulty levels, providing opportunities to explore the natural landscapes. During winter, visitors can also enjoy snowshoeing and other snow-related activities.

Q9: Is it necessary to have a guide when exploring Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A9: While it’s possible to explore the area independently, hiring a guide can enhance the experience. Guides offer valuable insights into the history, culture, and hidden gems of the villages.

Q10: What should visitors bring when traveling to Shirakawa-go and Gokayama?

A10: Depending on the season, visitors should bring appropriate clothing and footwear for outdoor activities. A camera is a must for capturing the scenic beauty. It’s also advisable to carry cash, as some local shops may not accept credit cards.


Traveling to and around Shirakawago and Gokayama can be an exciting and rewarding experience. With the various transportation options available, including the Hokuriku Shinkansen and buses via Toyama, Kanazawa, Shin-Takaoka, and Nagoya, visitors have the flexibility to choose the route that best suits their preferences and travel plans. Once there, exploring the mountainous terrain and charming villages like Ogimachi, Ainokura, and Suganuma is made convenient with the public transportation network. Whether it’s admiring the old farmhouses or immersing oneself in the rural beauty, the journey to Shirakawago and Gokayama is sure to leave a lasting impression.

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About the author
blogger, andrea urbinati, marketing, copywriting, seo

Hi! I’m Andrea, a passionate freelance writer with a knack for captivating storytelling.

With a decade of marketing expertise and a genuine love for crafting compelling content, I bring your ideas to life!

Let me know if you need a writer for your blog!

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